IELTS Preparation with Liz: Free IELTS Tips and Lessons, 2023
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100 IELTS Essay Questions
Below are practice IELTS essay questions and topics for writing task 2. The 100 essay questions have been used many times over the years. The questions are organised under common topics and essay types. IELTS often use the similar topics for their essays but change the wording of the essay question.
In order to prepare well for writing task 2, you should prepare ideas for common topics and then practise applying them to the tasks given (to the essay questions). Also see model essays and tips for writing task 2.
Below you will find:
- Essay Questions By Topic
- Essay Questions by Essay Type
Please also note that my new Grammar E-book is now available in my store along with my Ideas for Essay Topics E-book and Advanced Writing Lessons. To visit store, click here: Liz’s Store
1) Common IELTS Essay Questions
IELTS practice essay questions divided by topic. These topics have been reported by IELTS students in their tests. Essay questions have been recreated as accurately as possible.
- Art (5 essay questions)
- Business & Money (17 essay questions)
- Communication & Personality (17 essay questions)
- Crime & Punishment (12 essay questions)
- Education (17 essay questions)
- Environment (12 essay questions)
- Family & Children (8 essay questions)
- Food & Diet (8 essay questions)
- Government (6 essay questions)
- Health (9 essay questions)
- Housing (4 essay questions)
- Language (2 essay questions)
- Leisure (1 essay question)
- Media & Advertising (12 essay questions)
- Reading (5 essay questions)
- Society (10 essay questions)
- Space Exploration (3 questions)
- Sport & Exercise (6 essay questions)
- Technology (6 essay questions)
- Tourism (6 essay questions)
- Transport (7 essay questions)
- Work (16 essay questions)
2) IELTS Essay Questions by Essay Type
There are 5 main types of essay questions in IELTS writing task 2 (opinion essays, discussion essay, advantage/disadvantage essays, solution essay and direct question essays). Click on the links below to see some sample essay questions for each type.
- Opinion Essay Questions
- Discussion Essay Questions
- Solution Essay Questions
- Direct Questions Essay Titles
- Advantage / Disadvantage Essay Questions
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35 Sample Band 9 IELTS Essays
Take a look at these 35 sample Band 9 IELTS essays for writing task 2 of the IELTS exam . Task 2 can cover a wide range of essay topics for the IELTS writing task section of the test, so preparation is key. Use the following samples when preparing your IELTS essays to see how close you are to a band 9!
See the below IELTS essay writing sample questions and answers to practice for your IELTS writing task 2 .
For a FREE ebook of our top 10 IELTS Band 9 essay samples in PDF, click here!
1. agree or disagree , 2. discuss both views and give your point of view, 3. discuss the advantages and disadvantages, 4. two questions, for example: why is this happening is this a positive or negative development, 5. discuss the problems and possible solutions or discuss the causes and what problems it causes.
Take a look at some of our writing tasks to help you prepare for your IELTS exam , and if you need more help, we have a course that is guaranteed to help you pass IELTS. Practicing IELTS writing task 2 essays is very important for your exam preparation.
Video: IELTS Band 9 Writing Sample – Body Paragraphs
Click here for a free ebook of our top 10 ielts band 9 samples for writing task 2 in pdf,, for more preparation, take a look at our latest tutorials:, frequently asked questions (faq), how to score band 9 in ielts writing.
You can score band 9 in IELTS writing by following these steps:
Read this post for more tips.
How do you write a 9 band essay?
How can i get 9 in ielts writing, can you get 10 in ielts.
No, the top band score is a 9. Be realistic though, some of the best universities in the world require a band 7 or 7.5 for their most challenging courses so a perfect score isn’t necessary in most situations.
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IELTS Sample Essays
Here you will find IELTS Sample Essays for a variety of common topics that appear in the writing exam.
The model answers all have tips and strategies for how you may approach the question and comments on the sample answer.
You can also view sample essays with band scores on this page.
Looking at IELTS essay topics with answers is a great way to help you to prepare for the test.
These IELTS sample essays have been categorised in a way that makes it easy for you to see how certain essay question types require you to provide certain responses to ensure the question is fully answered.
Specifically these are:
- Agree / Disagree
- Discuss Two Opinions
- Problems and Solutions
- Advantages and Disadvantages
- Other Types
Agree / Disagree Type Questions
In these types of question you are given one opinion and you then have to state the extent to which you agree or disagree with that opinion:
- Alternative Medicine
- Spending on the Arts
- Human Cloning
- Social Interaction & the Internet
- Airline Tax
- Free University Education
- Scientific Research
- Banning Smoking
- Employing Older People
- Paying Taxes
- Examinations or Formal Assessment
- Multinational Organisations and Culture
- Internet vs Newspapers
- Technology Development
- Dying of Languages
Discuss Two Opinions Type Questions
In this essay question type you are given two opinions, and you have to discuss both of these and then give your own view:
- University Education
- Reducing Crime
- Animal Rights
- Child Development
- Diet & Health
- Donating Money to Charity
- Closing Zoos
- Becoming Independent
- Formal and Informal Education
- Influence of Scientists and Politicians
- Sources for Stories
- Searching for Extraterrestrial Life
Cause Type Questions
There are a variety of 'cause type' essay questions. In these you first have to give the reasons why something has happened, in other words the causes, but then discuss a different aspect of it, such as the effects, solutions or the extent to whether it is a positive or negative development:
Causes & Effects:
- Child Obesity
- Skin Whitening Creams
- Family Size
- Having Children Later in Life
- Time Away from Family
Causes and Solutions:
- Youth Crime
- Global Warming
- Paying Attention in Class
- International Travel & Prejudice
- Museums & Historical Places
- Disappearance of Traditions
Causes, Pros & Cons:
- Family Closeness
- Living Alone
- Rural to Urban Migration
Problems & Solutions Type Questions
In these type of questions, instead of discussing the causes of a problem, you need to discuss the problems related to a particular issue in society, and then suggest what can be to solve these problems:
- Competing for Jobs
- Professionals Immigrating
Advantage & Disadvantages Type Questions
In these type of questions you are asked to discuss the positive and negative sides of a particular topic. You will usually be asked this in the context of giving an opinion ( e.g. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? ):
- Traffic Problems
- Food Additives
- Computer Games
- Age Discrimination at Work
- Children using Tablets and Computers
- Cell Phones, Internet, & Communication
- Working from Home
- Eating Locally grown Produce
- Oil and Gas Essay
Other Types of Question
There are sometimes questions that don't fit easily into a particular category as above. You can view some IELTS sample essays for these here:
- Protecting Old Buildings
- Animal Testing
- Fear of Crime
- Communication Technology
- Influence of Children's Friends
Sample Essays with Band Scores
You can also view some sample essays that have band scores and comments based on the IELTS marking criteria.
- IELTS Band 8 Essay Samples
- IELTS Band 7 Essay Samples
- IELTS Band 6 Essay Samples
- IELTS Band 5 Essay Samples
- IELTS Band 4 Essay Samples
Student Sample Essays
For more IELTS essay topics with answers you can also view essays that have been written by students in the Essay Feedback Forum:
- Student Model Essays
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IELTS Preparation Courses
IELTS Writing Samples: 100 Practice Questions
Below you’ll find more than 100 IELTS Writing sample questions updated for 2019. Each of these essay questions has been taken from a real IELTS past paper and will give you an idea of what to expect on your exam day.
These sample questions can be separated into five main Task 2 question types:
- Advantages and Disadvantages
- Problem/Cause and Solution
- Two-part questions
They are also divided amongst 13 of the most common IELTS essay topics that have appeared regularly over the last few years. IELTS is always changing, but these common topics can help you prepare more effectively if you improve your ability to use the vocabulary related to them.
These sample IELTS questions are all for Writing Task 2. For Task 1 questions, follow this link.
Feel free to print out these IELTS Writing samples and use them when you prepare for IELTS at home!
Or better yet, why not answer one of them in the comments below and gain feedback from your peers?
If you need feedback on your essays from an IELTS teacher, you can read about my essay correction service here .
Some people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment.
Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
Some people believe that capital punishment should never be used. Others, however, argue that it should be allowed for the most serious crimes.
Some people believe the purpose of prison is to punish, while others would argue that rehabilitation is its primary role.
Some people feel unsafe when they are in public and at home.
What are the possible causes of this and what are some possible solutions?
Some people say that excessive noise should be a criminal offence, while others say they should be free to make noise without limitation.
Some people say that the best way to improve public health is by increasing the number of sports facilities. Others, however, say that this would have little effect on public health and that other measures are required.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
In some countries levels of health and fitness are decreasing and average weights are increasing.
What do you think are the causes of these problems and what are some possible solutions?
Research indicates that the characteristics we are born with have much more influence on our personality and development than any other experiences we may have in our life.
Which do you consider to be the major influence?
Schools should do more to teach students about their health and wellbeing.
Do you agree or disagree?
More and more schools allow fast-food restaurants to sell their products to their students.
Is it a positive or negative development?
University students must pay all tuition fees, because it benefits mostly them individually, rather than the society as a whole.
Do you agree or disagree?
Some say that music, art and drama are as important as other school subjects, especially at the primary level.
Some people believe that studying history is very important and we must study the past to understand the present. Others say that it is useless and should not be studied at all.
Some teachers tend to reward students who achieve high academic results. Others, however, support and reward students that show the most improvement.
Giving lectures in halls to large numbers of people is an outdated method of teaching. With the technology available today, there is no justification for it and everything should be done online.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In most universities students focus on specialised subjects, however, some people believe that universities should encourage students to study a wider variety of subjects.
It is generally believed that some people are born with certain talents, for instance for sport or music, and others are not. However, it is sometimes claimed that any child can be taught to become a good sports person or musician.
Some people think that universities should provide graduates with the knowledge and skills needed in the workplace. Others think that the true function of a university should be to give access to knowledge for its own sake, regardless of whether the course is useful to an employer.
What, in your opinion, should be the main function of a university?
Some parents think that childcare centres provide the best services for children of pre-school age. Other working parents think that family members such as grandparents will be better carers for their kids.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Governments should spend more money on education than on recreation and sports.
Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the neighbourhood or teaching sports to younger children).
Some people think that it is better to educate girls and boys in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools.
Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this.
Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject.
In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?
Some people think that a sense of competition in children should be encouraged. Others believe that children who are taught to co-operate rather than compete become more useful adults.
Some people believe that children are given too much free time. They feel that this time should be used to do more academic work.
How do you think children should spend their free time?
In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour.
What do you think are the causes of this?
What solutions can you suggest?
University students should pay in full for their own education instead of the society funding their studies. The reason is that individuals tend to benefit after graduation more than society.
To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give your own opinion.
Some people believe that students should be allowed to evaluate and criticise their teachers to improve the quality of education. Others think this is disrespectful to teachers.
Discuss both views, give your opinion and include relevant examples.
Nowadays many young people deliberately damage public places.
What are the causes and solutions?
Some people believe that a person’s criminal record should be removed when they reach the age of 18.
More and more young people are using drugs and alcohol and as a result, breaking the law.
What are the causes of this problem?
What are some possible solutions?
Children should never be put in prison with adults no matter how serious their crime.
Being a celebrity – such as a movie star or professional athlete – brings problems as well as benefits.
Do you think that being a celebrity has more benefits or drawbacks?
Some people feel that entertainers (e.g. film stars, pop musicians or sports stars) are paid too much money.
Which other types of job should be highly paid?
Successful sports professionals can earn much more money than people in other important jobs. Some people think this is fully justified while others think it is unfair.
There is a growing demand for fresh water nowadays and this is becoming a global problem.
Many people think that too much attention and resources are given to the protection of wild animals and birds.
Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.
What other measures do you think might be effective?
Nowadays we are producing more and more waste.
What are the causes of this?
What can be done to help reduce the amount of waste we produce?
Many people believe that companies and individuals should pay to clean up the environment in proportion to the amount of pollution they have produced.
Global warming is the biggest threat we face today.
Children today are too dependent on computers and electronic entertainment. It would be better to encourage them to spend more time outside playing sports and games.
Some people say that public libraries are an important public resource and should be free. Others say that they are just a waste of public money.
Some people think that excessive use of smartphones badly affects teenagers’ literacy skills.
The internet contains a lot of information that can help people, however, sometimes the information is inaccurate or wrong.
Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology.
In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make?
Has this become a positive or negative development?
Computers have made the world a better place to live in.
Some people believe that the use of mobile phones in public is as annoying as smoking and should be banned.
Most high-level positions in companies are filled by men even though the workforce in many developed countries is more than 50 percent female. Companies should be required to allocate a certain percentage of these positions to women.
Nowadays more and more people have to compete with young people for the same jobs.
What problems does this cause?
Women and men are commonly seen as having different strengths and weaknesses.
Is it right to exclude males or females from certain professions because of their gender?
As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.
What factors contribute to job satisfaction?
How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?
Some people think that people in senior positions alone should make decisions in a business, while others think that employees should be involved in the decision-making process too.
Nowadays many people work part- or full-time from home. Some people say that working from home has many benefits while others disagree.
For some people a high salary is the most important criterion when choosing a new job while others are satisfied if the job contributes to society.
In many places, traditional food has been replaced by international fast food. This has adverse effects on individuals and society.
More and more people are visiting historic sites and sometimes tourists damage these ancient sites. The number of people visiting these places should be strictly limited.
Shopping has developed from a necessary activity to a kind of entertainment.
Many small businesses are being forced to close because they are unable to compete with multinational corporations.
What problems does this cause and how can those problems be solved?
Multinational companies are becoming increasingly common in developing countries.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?
People prefer to watch foreign films rather than locally produced ones.
Why do you think this happens? Should the government support local filmmakers financially?
Some people think that governments should invest more in public services instead of wasting money on arts such as music and paintings.
Some people believe that the government should pay for and offer to house people who lost their homes or cannot afford them.
Some people think that the government should fund music, dance and art lessons for children. Others think that they should be funded by private businesses or by children’s families.
Many people think that the government should spend money to explore outer space, while others think that it’s a waste of public money.
Some people think that mothers should spend most of their time raising their family, and therefore the government should support them financially.
In some countries, the numbers of children aged 15 and younger are increasing dramatically.
What are the current and future effects of an ever-increasing population?
A recent study showed that people in developed countries are not as happy as they were before development.
What are the causes of this and what are some possible solutions?
Sometimes celebrities get invited to international aid events.
Do you think that such events deviate from their main purpose by inviting famous people?
Some people believe that richer countries should give poorer countries more financial assistance.
Some people believe that no aid should be given to developing countries that have poor human rights records.
Some people think that a car is the best way to travel in cities while others believe a bicycle is a better way to commute.
Many cities have serious problems with traffic congestion.
What are the causes of these problems and what are some possible solutions?
Growing numbers of cities are making their centres pedestrian-only zones.
What are the advantages and disadvantages?
Some people believe that the best way to reduce traffic congestion is to increase the price of petrol.
Every year several languages die out. Some people think that it is not important because life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
It is becoming increasingly popular for people to travel to tourist destinations during public holidays.
What solutions are there to these problems?
Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in which they are sold.
Some people believe that visitors to other countries should follow local customs and behaviour. Others disagree and think that the host country should welcome cultural differences.
At present, the media affects people’s lives significantly.
What impact does this have on society? Is it a negative or positive development?
Young people say that travelling to different countries benefits them and society.
Do you agree or disagree? Give your opinion.
These days, more fathers stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work.
What are the main reasons for this? Do you think this is a positive or negative development?
IELTS Writing Sample Essays
Now that you know what kind of essay questions to expect, feel free to browse my collection of IELTS Writing Sample Essays here: Band 7+ IELTS Writing Sample Essays
However, it’s important that you use them wisely. Simply reading through them won’t improve your skills or your score. When using IELTS Writing sample essays, I always recommend following my ___ step strategy:
- Start off by reading the question – NOT the answer.
- Attempt to answer the question under exam conditions.
- Compare your letter with the sample answer.
- Improve your original answer by using some of the elements you noticed in the sample letter. Eg. how did the writer use structure, vocabulary and grammar?
If you do try this strategy, make sure to leave a comment letting me know what you thought of it. Or better yet, leave your response in the comments below!
What I Learned Correcting 10,000 IELTS Writing Task 2 Essays
Over the years, I have corrected more than 10,000 IELTS Task 2 essays.
To help you learn from the mistakes of my students, I made a video which revealed the 5 key things you must to do to score a Band 7+ in IELTS Writing:
For detailed help with improving your essay-writing skills, you should sign up to our IELTS Fundamentals Course. It’s completely free of charge and will give you exclusive access to:
- Never-seen-before IELTS videos;
- Practice questions for each section of the test;
- Answer sheets to help you identify your mistakes.
Learn more about it and sign up here: IELTS Fundamentals.
As always, please reach out in the comments below or via email if you need anything: [email protected]
About Christopher Pell
My name is Christopher Pell and I'm the Managing Director of IELTS Advantage.
I started IELTS Advantage as a simple blog to help 16 students in my class. Several years later, I am very humbled that my VIP Course has been able to help thousands of people around the world to score a Band 7+ in their IELTS tests.
If you need my help with your IELTS preparation, you can send me an email using the contact us page.
Join us at My IELTS Classroom today for our video courses, marking service, 1-2-1 lessons and so much more…
50 Recent IELTS Essay Questions
Hey! It is so important that when you sit down to practice IELTS writing, you only use questions that are “genuine”. This means using either questions that come from the IELTS Cambridge 1 – 15 series or those that have been created by an exam writer like those in my 100 IELTS essay question blog post. However, many students like to practice recent IELTS essay questions i.e. topics that have been reported by recent test-takers.
I understand why students want to do this – knowing what the recent IELTS essays questions are and checking that you can answer them is reassuring. However, unfortunately, test-takers rarely (if ever) manage to accurately remember the wording of the question that they had in their test.
Can they remember the general topic? Sure.
Can they remember the exact wording? Definitely not!
Sadly, changing even one word in a test can change the focus of a question and, therefore, make it impossible to answer! So, every month, I collect 50 recent IELTS essay questions from students in My IELTS Classroom , and edit them so that they are as close to perfect as possible.
Plus, I divide the questions into Academic and General Training (so you can be sure you are tackling the right type of questions) and have highlighted the main topic of each question for you.
This page is updated monthly and is now showing questions from 2021. If you want to see exam questions that reportedly appeared earlier in 2021, then you can look at our 2021 archive .
As always, these questions are provided so that you can check that you have ideas for the nw topics. If you are preparing with a teacher or want high-quality feedback on your writing then you should always use a question from the original IELTS Cambridge Series .
Academic IELTS Essay Questions (February 2021 – September 2021)
1. Some people think that criminal behaviour has genetic causes . Others believe that it is circumstances that lead people to commit a crime. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
2. Some people think that new houses should be built in the same style as older houses in an area. Others believe that local councils should allow people to choose different designs for their houses. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
3. Some people say that the best way to teach children to behave well is to punish them. Others argue that rewarding and praising children is a better way to teach them the difference between right and wrong. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
4. Some people believe that women should be able to join their country’s army and police forces . Others think that only men should be allowed to work in these areas. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
5. In some countries, there are not enough medical or educational facilities in rural areas. Therefore, some people believe newly graduated teachers and doctors should be sent to work in rural areas for some time. Others think that people should be free to choose where they work after graduation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
6. A lot of research has shown that overeating can have a number of negative effects on the body. Some people therefore believe that the advertising of certain foods should be banned in the same way that some countries have banned advertising cigarettes. Do you agree or disagree?
7 Some people think that parents should teach their children about the importance of recycling . Others believe recycling should be taught in schools. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
8. The media has the right to publish information about the personal life of celebrities . To what extent do you agree or disagree?
9. Some people say that instead of preventing climate change, we need to find a way to live with it. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view?
10. Young people today mostly learn by reading books or watching movies and TV shows , rather than personal experience. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
11. Big companies should provide sports and social facilities for the local communities where they operate. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
12. Some people argue that thanks to the widespread accessibility of the internet, libraries are no longer necessary. Do you agree or disagree?
13. If asked to choose between a life without work and a life that involves working most of the time, people will always choose not to work. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
14. Eighteen is the appropriate age for children to finish school. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
15. Schools should stop using books to teach and use films, TV and computers in the classroom instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Writing a good IELTS essay doesn’t have to be difficult. Follow our step-by-step guide to every type of essay to find out what the examiner expects and exactly what you can do to satisfy the band descriptors in our Task Two course. The first three lessons are free!
16. Nowadays foreign visitors show more interest in the museums of a country than its local residents do. Why is this? What can be done to attract more local residents to visit museums in their country?
17 Many companies sponsor sports to advertise their products or service . What advantages and disadvantages does this bring for the teams and individuals that these companies sponsor?
18. Most information today is available online whereas in the past it was stored in books or on paper. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
19. The difference between countries is becoming less and less evident as people all over the world wear the same fashions, watch the same TV channels, use the same brands, and have similar eating habits. Do you think that the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?
20. Nowadays many people get the news online instead of reading it in newspapers or watching it on TV. Is this a positive or negative development?
21. In many countries today the proportion of older people in the population is higher than the proportion of younger people . Do you think this is a positive or a negative development?
Discover the secret to writing a Band 7.0+ essay
Th en download a copy of our FREE e-book, which explains the most common errors made by test-takers and how you can avoid them. Just click here for your copy.
22. More and more tasks in the home and at work are being performed by robots . Why do you think this is the case? Is this a negative or positive development?
23. Nowadays tourists and scientists are allowed to travel to remote natural environments . Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
24. Due to population growth many people these days live in apartments with limited space and no outdoor areas. Do the advantages of this trend outweigh its disadvantages?
25. Every country in the world has its own road rules , but many drivers don’t obey them. What do you think are the reasons for this? What can be done to solve this problem?
BONUS In many countries, shopping is now one of the most popular types of leisure activity . Why do you so many young people like shopping? Is this a positive or a negative development?
What are the current Aacdemic writing trends?
My observation of the most recent IELTS essay questions from 2021 is that there have been A LOT of Discuss Both Sides and To What Extent questions. In fact, this is more or less all that I have seen in the first month of the new year, so be sure that you are ready to answer these.
GT IELTS Essay Questions (February 2021 – September 2021
1. Some people believe that individuals who earn a lot of money are the most successful in life . Others say that the individuals who contribute to the society (such as scientists or teachers) are more successful. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
2. It is universally accepted that eating too much sugar has a negative effects on people’s health . Therefore, some believe that the government should control the amount of sugar people consume. Others think that it is the responsibility of an individual to monitor their sugar intake. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
3. Some people say that the development of technology means that people no longer need to learn the skill of handwriting . Others believe that it is still necessary for people to learn how to write by hand. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.
4. Some people believe that individuals over 65 should not be allowed to continue working . Others think that people should be allowed to work for as long as they choose. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
5. Some people think that it is a good idea for parents to help their children with their homework. Others believe that children should do their homework on their own. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
6. Some people think that the government should spend money on cultural activities such as music or art. Others think this is a waste of taxpayers’ money. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
7. Some people think that children should be taught how to become good parents at school . Do you agree or disagree?
8. Many mothers stay at home to take care of their family and don’t go out to work . Some people believe these mothers should be paid by the government. Do you agree or disagree?
9. In many countries, it is common for people to consume fast food. However, some people believe that fast food has too much influence on our lifestyle and diet. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
10. Some people say that playing sports helps to prepare children for their future jobs . Do you agree or disagree?
11. Some people say that the Olympic Games no longer play a role in the 21st century . Do you agree or disagree?
12. People’s behaviour (for example, their table manners and they way they dress) varies from country to country. When traveling to a different country, people should copy the behaviour and habits of the inhabitants of the country they visit. Do you agree or disagree?
13. The best way to increase road safety is to make car drivers retake their driving test every year. Do you agree or disagree?
14. Some people believe that family is more important than friends . What do you think?
15. The Internet is the best place to find information . Do you agree or disagree?
16. In many countries traditional customs are being lost. Why do you think this is? What can parents and schools do to keep traditional customs alive?
17. People who are learning a foreign language can face a number of difficulties. What are some of these problems? In your opinion, what are the best ways to overcome these difficulties?
18. Young people today are often less polite and show less respect than previous generations . Why do you think this is? What can be done to solve this problem?
19. Developments in technology mean that more and more machines are being used in the workplace instead of human employees. Does this development have more advantages or more disadvantages?
20. In some countries, young people choose to move from their parents’ home to their own house at an early age. In other countries, young people stay with parents for a longer time. Do you think young people who leave their parent’s home at a younger age have more advantages or disadvantages than those who stay?
21. In many parts of the world, more and more large supermarkets are opening and smaller local shops are closing down. Does this development have more advantages or more disadvantages for local people?
22. In some countries it is illegal to stop people applying for a job because of their age . Is this a positive or a negative development?
23. In many countries, people are earning more money today than in the past, so they are able to buy more things. Is this a positive or a negative development?
24. Nowadays, people prefer to shop at large shopping centres rather than in local shops or markets. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative development?
25. Nowadays in many countries traditional customs are becoming less popular than in the past . Do you agree or disagree? What can parents and teachers do about this?
BONUS – Playing team sports at school can teach students a number of lessons that are useful outside of sport. What values can students learn from playing team sports? How can they apply these values in the future?
What are the current GT writing trends?
So far this year, I have noticed two main trends for the recent IELTS essay questions for General Training students. First, there continue to be more 2-part questions than in the Academic test, and the topics seem to be more and more diverse.
Also, the test writers seem to making small changes to the wording of questions, which don’t actually change what you are expected to do, but may confuse some students. For example, in the past, you were always asked “Is this a positive or negative trend?” but recently the same question has been phrased as:
- Is this a good thing or a bad thing?
- Do you think this is right or wrong?
- Do you think this this a good or bad use of public money?
If you enter the exam room and feel confused by the question, my advice is always to simply answer the question that you have been given.
Yes, there are question types that repeat, but if you are given a direct essay question or a type of question that is unfamiliar, simply focusing on answering the question/s you have been given clearly is always the best approach!
Looking for an IELTS school run by native speakers who have a proven track record of helping students achieve their potential in IELTS? Then come join the students at My IELTS Classroom who are using our unique video courses, live lessons and marking service to maximise their scores.
OK – those are the 50 most recent IELTS essay questions. I will try to do this every month so that you can be sure you have ideas for every possible IELTS question in your exam. Well, maybe not to every question, but at least by practicing with these, you will have sharpened your idea-generation skills . Plus, you can help me by adding any questions that you can remember from a recent IELTS exam in the comments below 🚀
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2023 IELTS Writing Task 2 (Essay Questions) With Answers
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- Read Time 16 mins
- Updated On February 13, 2023
- Published In IELTS Preparation
The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) writing section is a 1-hour test that comprises two questions: task 1 and task 2, which assess your vocabulary, grammar, word count, collocations, and ability to construct complex sentences with moderation and without repetition.
Table of Contents
To begin, it is pivotal to understand that the IELTS essay topics vary for IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training Tasks. In Task 1 of IELTS Academic, you must write a report on a graph, diagram or chart, whereas, for IELTS General Training Task 1, you must write a letter. Task 2 of the General and Academic modules is essay writing; while the topics for essays in both modules may differ, the essay writing strategy remains the same.
Examiners use the following criteria to calculate Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 and Task 2 scores: Task Achievement, Task Response, Coherence, Grammatical Range and Accuracy, and Lexical Resource.
IELTS Writing Task 2 for Academic
The IELTS Academic Writing section consists of two tasks that must be completed in one hour:
Writing Task 1
In Task 1, you are assigned a graph, visual information, table or chart, which you are required to describe in your own words. You must write a report in 150 words, accurately describing what the information in the graph or picture represents. The IELTS writing task 1 marking criteria accounts for 33% of the total IELTS writing evaluation score, and you should try to finish this part in 20 minutes or less because IELTS writing task 2 is more difficult and will take at least 40 minutes to complete.
Writing Task 2
IELTS writing task 2 marking criteria has a 66% weightage, where you must complete a 250-word essay in 40 minutes. Candidates must respond to a problem, a point of view, or an argument in this task, with a curated response. The essay’s content should be written with perfect grammar and focused solely on the topic. As task 2 holds more weight, candidates should devote significant time to it and ensure a properly curated essay for a good band score.
Let us now review some fundamentals of IELTS essay structure that you can apply to this task. A typical writing piece includes an introduction, the main body consisting of a few paragraphs, and a conclusion. In the introduction, you should write the context of your issue and a thesis statement representing the main idea of your text.
The central section of your essay will discuss various facts and arguments that support or oppose the thesis statement. Finally, restate the thesis statement, bolstering it with new details from the main body.
Here’s a list of the latest IELTS essay topics and sample questions to help you efficiently prepare for task 2 of the IELTS Writing section.
Latest IELTS Essay Topics for 202 3
IELTS essay writing topics are usually based on current events and world affairs. You will find a series of essay writing topics for IELTS in the following listicles. Also, one of the most effective ways to prepare for answering essays in the Writing section of IELTS is to work on the sample essay questions. The topic categories and essay writing samples to help students looking for the latest IELTS essay topics are stated below:
- Environmental Crisis: One of the most common topics in IELTS is the environment essay IELTS band 9. Many students, however, do not see the need to prepare for this because it is one of the most specific topics resulting in a loss of marks.
Click here for the Environmental Crisis essay sample and answers for practice.
- Global Warming: It is common for IELTS speaking and writing sections to include questions about broad discussion topics, such as climate change, the greenhouse effect, global warming, and deforestation.
Click here for the Global Warming essay format, sample and answers for practice.
- Sustainable Energy: If you are unfamiliar with the framework and concepts of an essay, it can be a daunting task. All of the sentences must be related and formed in such a way that they provide a clear view and information. You may be penalised if you veer off-topic while writing your essay. Sustainable energy and nuclear power topics are debated topics; hence practising them will give you an edge over your peers.
Click here for the Sustainable Energy essay structure, sample and answers for practice.
- Fossil Fuels: The IELTS essay topics for writing task 2 are usually based on common themes frequently discussed in the average aspirant’s daily life. One such theme is the use of renewable energy sources in place of nonrenewable resources such as fossil fuels.
Click here for the Fossil Fuels essay sample and answers for practice.
- Importance of First Impression: IELTS examiners have a short attention span and read hundreds of essays daily. Hence, it is pivotal for you to get the start right and make a good first impression in your First Impression is Important IELTS essay.
Click here for the Personality essay sample and answers for practice.
- Hobbies: ‘Hobbies’ is a common theme in both the IELTS Writing Task 2 and the Speaking section. This is a simple, mark-fetching topic with few challenges for students taking the exam.
Click here for the Hobbies essay sample and answers for practice.
- Fashion: Fashion is a recurring topic with global themes and one of the best topics to practise your public speaking skills.
Click here for the Fashion essay sample and answers for practice.
- Importance of Leisure Activities and School Values: The IELTS Essay on Education is one of the most challenging tasks, with unpredictable questions in the exam. These education essay topics, like the Importance of leisure activities, are opinion-driven and assess students’ ability to express their knowledge and skills thoughtfully.
Click here for the Education essay sample and answers for practice.
- Government and Society: As an IELTS exam candidate, you should review as many common topics for Writing Task 2 as possible. One such common IELTS test theme is government and society, with which you should be well-acquainted.
Click here for the Government and Society essay sample and answers for practice.
- Ideal Society: Candidates should practise sample questions and answers for the Ideal Society IELTS essay to gain a firm grasp on writing and vocabulary and improve their overall band score.
Click here for the Ideal Society essay sample and answers for practice.
- Social Media: Social media essays are a popular topic in IELTS writing task 2. For a social media IELTS essay band 9 and similar topics, the most straightforward approach is maintaining the proper word count and being aware of various approaches to the topic.
Click here for the Social Media essay sample and answers for practice.
Business & Global Consumerism
- International Trade: Over the years, one of the topics covered in the IELTS exam has been global business. Your answer for such topics should contain everything; your responses, solutions, arguments, reasons, opinions, and evidence are critical to answering the question.
Click here for the International Trade essay sample and answers for practice.
- Management and Leadership: In any organisation, leadership and management are critical roles. Your essay for such topics should always be pertinent to the question.
Click here for the Management and Leadership essay sample and answers for practice.
- Foreign Languages: Foreign languages and language barriers are recurring themes in the IELTS writing task 2. Express your own opinions on such topics.
Click here for the Culture essay sample and answers for practice.
- Sports and children: Sport is a recurring theme, and the essay content should not deviate from the main points at any point in the essay.
Click here for the Sports essay sample and answers for practice. Covid 19
- Covid impact: The topics of IELTS Writing task 2 are usually drawn from current events worldwide, making Covid-19 an anticipated topic.
Click here for the Covid 19 essay sample and answers for practice.
- Obesity: Overweight essays are among the most common topics in IELTS writing task 2. Obesity, recent trends in health among children and adults, and other similar topics may also be discussed in relation to overweight.
Click here for the Health essay sample and answers for practice.
Types of IELTS Essays
IELTS essay writing topics are usually classified under various sections. You can expect essays in the IELTS exam from any of the following types:
In this essay category, you must discuss your opinion on the given topic. Naturally, the best way to score high in such essays is to have prior knowledge of common topics that are popular in the IELTS exam.
- Most teenagers today own a smartphone. Provide your opinion to discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
- Crime novels and TV series have become quite popular in recent years. What is your opinion about these crime dramas?
- Developing nations often require international assistance. Many believe that this assistance should be monetary, while some think practical help and advice would be more beneficial. Discuss both these views along with your opinion.
- Many consider automobiles to be the biggest source of pollution in urban areas, while some believe industries are responsible for it. Explain both views and provide your opinion.
- Many people believe individuals involved with creative arts should be financially supported by the government. Some others believe they should find separate resources. Discuss each of the views and give your opinion.
- Some believe success in life comes from hard work, dedication, and motivation. While many believe success depends on other important factors like money and appearance. Discuss both views and provide your opinion.
- Many think that governments should fund programs in search of life on other planets. However, others believe governments should focus on unresolved issues on the planet. Provide your opinion and discuss both views.
You can also check out this detailed guide on Opinion Essays to learn the appropriate structure for maximum scores!
In the case of discussion essays, the candidates need to put forward an explanation for or against any given topic. Such essays are the most common to appear in the IELTS exam.
- Many believe living in big cities comes with more advantages than residing in the countryside. Do you agree or disagree with this?
- The shopping habits of people depend more on their age group than on any other factors. Do you agree or disagree with this?
- More and more children and minors are becoming overweight in developed nations. This is a major problem for most wealthy countries. Explain the causes and impacts of this issue.
- The internet is a great invention that brings a host of advantages for the world population. However, there are several issues in terms of security and control of personal data. Do you agree or disagree with this?
- Advertising prevents originality in people and makes them look the same and do the same. Do you agree or disagree with this?
- Parents today often tend to organise extra classes on weekends or even after school. Do you believe this is at all useful? Or do you think the education provided in school is sufficient?
- Some people believe that capital punishment should be done away with. Do you agree or disagree with this?
We have covered valuable tips & tricks to attempt Discussion Essays that can come in handy in your exam.
For solution essays, you will have to provide a solution to a particular issue. At times, questions might be provided as to why a specific issue has occurred, and candidates have to provide their opinion on the answer.
- The massive movement of people from agricultural areas to cities in search of employment can lead to serious problems in both places. What are the problems, and how can these be solved?
Check out our sample question and answer on Solution Essays for a more thorough explanation.
Advantage or Disadvantage Essays
In this type of essay, students have to write about a particular topic’s positive and negative sides. Such essays test your argument construction skills and how well you can use English to communicate your views as clearly and coherently as possible.
- International tourism has greatly benefited many places. However, there have been major concerns about its impact on the local environment and inhabitants. Do the negative impacts of international tourism outweigh the benefits?
- Some countries have recently passed laws to restrict the daily working hours of employees. Explain whether this will have a positive or negative impact.
- More and more people today are visiting extreme places such as Antarctica or the Sahara desert. What are the advantages or disadvantages of such travels?
- Social media is gradually replacing in-person face-to-face contact with many people worldwide. Do the benefits of social media outweigh the disadvantages?
Use the sample questions from the Advantage/Disadvantage Essay type to practise your writing skills.
Direct Question Essays
For this type of essay, the topics will be provided as direct questions, which students have to answer based on their experiences and thoughts.
- Shopping used to be a routine domestic task in the past. However, today, it has become more of a hobby. Is this a positive trend?
- You can get more information on these rare essay-type questions on our Direct question essay structure blog.
Preparation Tips for IELTS Writing Task 2
Many students believe they don’t need to prepare much because they speak English reasonably well. Well, the IELTS exam is not that easy. In fact, even native English speakers may find the test difficult. As a result, candidates should prepare for this section rigorously and methodically and start early preparation.
- Begin your IELTS preparations at least 6 months before your intended test date, and ensure to devote some time daily to all 4 sections.
- Choose writing topics for both tasks, especially writing task 2, and try to write about them daily. Time yourself; remember that you must complete both tasks in one hour.
- Spend significant time learning new vocabulary and brushing up on your grammatical skills. Following that is structured thinking, allowing you to convey your ideas logically. While writing, pay close attention to lucidity, logic, and clarity.
- You should expand your ideas because the IELTS writing task 2 could cover any topic. Go through all the resources like magazines, books, and online materials to expand your knowledge and vocabulary. Additionally, practice as many mock tests as possible.
As mentioned above it’s only practice that can get you the desire scores. But along with it you also need the best preparation materials and guidance. And the best solution we suggest is to register for the LeapScholar IELTS courses . Along with live classes from the best IELTS tutors, you’ll also have access to mock tests, speaking and writing evaluations and comprehensive study materials. As a reward you’ll also receive a course completion certificate.
How to Answer Task 2 Essays in IELTS Writing Section?
Students can employ the following steps to successfully enhance their ability to answer essays in the Writing section:
Step 1: Read and Understand the Question
The first step to nailing task 2 essays is to read and understand the question carefully. Most of the time, candidates answer the question without understanding what it demands. Candidates should carefully analyse the question, identify the question type and try to identify the keywords. Finally, they should clearly understand the instructions and then attempt to answer.
Step 2: Plan the Answer
Once students have understood the question, they need to plan the structure of the answer. This will allow candidates to organise their ideas and produce a clear and coherent response.
Step 3: Write a Solid Introduction
The introduction of the essay should give an idea of what the essay is all about. Make sure to write an appropriate introduction conveying the gist of the essay.
Step 4: Carefully Curate the Main Body
The main body is the essential part of the essay, where you must provide the necessary details. State your points accordingly and substantiate them with explanations, examples, and other relevant data. Once done, you need to give a proper conclusion.
Tips for IELTS Writing Task 2
Candidates can use the following tips to ace their IELTS Writing test:
Although IELTS is a difficult test to master, one can achieve a good score with systematic and consistent preparation. If you require assistance in acing your IELTS Writing Task 1 and 2, our Leap Scholar experts will provide the necessary guidance, tips, and tricks to help you pass your IELTS test with flying colours. If you are planning to prepare for the essay task in the Writing section, you can go through this comprehensive guide to get an idea about the latest IELTS essay topics. You can prepare for the essay task accordingly with the help of sample essay topics and questions provided in the above sections.
Still unclear about some portions of IELTS, then enrol for IELTS professional coaching. IELTS Prep app by Leap Scholar is a one-stop solution for your study abroad dream. You can access specially crafted lessons by experts accredited by IDP, British Council, and Cambridge. About 1M + students have trusted us with their IELTS prep journey. Join us, download our IELTS prep app and get access to the best resources!
Frequently asked questions
How can you score well in ielts writing task 2.
Ans. IELTS Writing Task 2 mainly has four performance descriptors: Task Response, Cohesion & Coherence , Lexical Resource, and finally Grammatical range and accuracy. The scoring happens on four parameters, so follow these and prepare with the correct books and practice questions.
What are the most popular questions asked in IELTS Writing Task 2?
Ans. The different types of questions in IELTS Writing Task 2 include: Problem/ Causes questions, Opinion questions, Advantage/ Disadvantage questions, Discussion of views, etc.
What are the main themes on which IELTS Writing Task 2 questions are based on?
Ans. Some of the broad themes include Environment, Food, Health, Art, Business, Communication, Crime & Punishment and more. Ideas and topics are taken under these broad themes for question framing.
Is it necessary to use complex words in IELTS Writing section?
Ans. Having a good vocabulary is an added advantage. However, difficult words should not be forcefully put in sentences. Your sentences should be organic and should fit the meaning and the context of your essays.
How to develop ideas for IELTS Writing Task 2?
Ans. The easiest ways to generate ideas for IELTS Writing Task 2 are by analyzing model essays, finding ideas on google, talking to experts, watching movies, asking yourself some questions about the topic, generating main ideas from specific examples.
How many mistakes are acceptable in IELTS Writing Task 2?
Ans. Making one or two mistakes is overlooked by the examiner if the overall essay is good. However, making more mistakes than that can lead to lower IELTS band score.
What are the basic topics in IELTS writing task 2?
Some of the common IELTS topics for Writing Task 2 are Art, Environment, Education, Health, Jobs and Employment, Sport, Science and Technology Friends and Family, Government and Society etc.
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